YNU's five colleges offer practical education to develop future leaders who play central roles in the society. Students engage in practical learning to gain insights into the issues, the flexibility to adjust to the changing times, and creative skills in identifying and resolving issues.
YNU also offers YOKOHAMA Creative-City Studies (YCCS) Program, an interdisciplinary liberal arts program that enables students to gain a bachelor's degree by taking courses taught exclusively in English.
Since its founding in 1874, originally as a training center for primary school teachers, the college has been fostering teachers with broad perspectives and deep insights who underpin the future of education while the flexibility adapting to an ever changing environment. Students can gain practical skills by teaching at the affiliated primary and junior high schools of YNU from the first year of their study.
NB: The college does not take international students except Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho) Scholarship students.
- ●Department of School Education (Human Development / School Subjects / Special Education for Disabled Children)
Originally founded as Yokohama Higher School of Commerce in 1923, the college has been providing a well-balanced mix of theory and practice, as well as a cosmopolitan education in the international trading port of Yokohama. Some specialized subjects are taught in English to cultivate the practical and globally-competitive communication skills of students, so they can adapt to the increasingly globalized world and bring about innovation in the economy and society at large.
- ●Department of Economics
- College of Economics and College of Business Administration Collaborative Education Program
- ●Global Business and Economics (GBEEP)www.cecba.ynu.ac.jp/gbeep/ (in Japanese)
This is the only college of business administration at a national university in East Japan. It cultivates talent who can: position their businesses within global dynamics and competition (global competitiveness and industry readiness); identify the challenges facing their businesses with respect to total optimization and propose solutions (integrated analytical skills for business); and combine academic knowledge from a management perspective to bring about social change (innovative capacity).
- ●Department of Business Administration
- College of Economics and College of Business Administration Collaborative Education Program
- ●Global Business and Economics (GBEEP)www.cecba.ynu.ac.jp/gbeep/ (in Japanese)
Since its foundation as Yokohama Higher School of Technology in 1920, the college has been deepening and broadening its trademark practical education to cultivate creative talent who will lead future innovation. The curriculum is designed for students to acquire the basics of both science and engineering before taking specialized courses. The college produces scientists with engineering insights, as well as engineers and researchers with scientific insights.
- ●Department of Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, and Ocean Engineering (Mechanical Engineering / Materials Science and Engineering / System Design for Ocean-Space)
- ●Department of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Life Science (Chemistry / Chemistry Applications / Life Science)
- ●Department of Mathematics, Physics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (Mathematical Sciences / Physics and Applied Physics / Electrical and Computer Engineering / Computer Science and Engineering)
The college is newly established in April 2017. Urban science explores the desirable future of cities where many people live, work, and engage in other diverse activities. Through scientific observation of various phenomena taking place in the cities, the college fosters leaders of urban policies who can explore the future of cities from broad perspectives both in the liberal arts and the sciences to offer key solutions for the problems faced by humankind and the planet.
- ●Department of Urban and Social Collaboration
- ●Department of Architecture and Building Science
- ●Department of Civil Engineering
- ●Department of Risk Management and Environmental Science
Five Graduate Schools
Advanced and specialized education and research conducted at YNU's five graduate schools produce highly specialized professionals who stand in the front line and make a difference around the world.
YNU also offers 10 graduate programs in English. At the Graduate School of Engineering Science, all courses are taught in English.
In the rapid change of social environment, teachers, researchers, and experts with more advanced and practical skills are needed to address the increasingly complex and urgent issues related to school education. Going beyond any rigid division of education and research by subject or genre, the graduate school prepares leaders who can design education with new styles and substances that are relevant to the society today and will remain so in the near future.
- Master Program
- ●Department of Teacher Education (Education Design / Special Needs Education and Clinical Psychology)
- Professional School
- ●Professional School for Teacher Education
International Social Sciences
As an all-round graduate school of social sciences, the graduate school develops highly specialized practitioners and researchers who play leading roles in the international community. Students not only develop their expertise, but also gain broader knowledge for adapting to different socio-economic environment. The graduate school offers interdisciplinary and international education and research programs to help students leverage their expertise in an integrated manner on the world stage.
- Master's and Doctoral Programs
- ●Department of Economics
- ●Department of Business Administration
- ●Department of International and Business Law
- Professional School
- ●Law School
In today's super smart society, the format of engineering has changed dramatically. With an atmosphere of international competition, the structure of Japan's industry is under pressure to change as well. In light of this, the Graduate School of Engineering will transform into the Graduate School of Engineering Science in April 2018 with the aim of fostering individuals who can act as leaders and fulfill global roles in creating products with high added value.
- Master's and Doctoral Programs
- ●Department of Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, and Ocean Engineering (Mechanical Engineering / Materials Science Frontier / Systems Design for Ocean-Space / Aerospace Engineering)
- ●Department of Chemistry and Life Science (Chemistry / Applied Chemistry / Energy and Sustainable Chemistry / Chemistry Applications and Life Science)
- ●Department of Mathematics, Physics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (Mathematical Sciences / Physics / Applied Physics / Information Systems / Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Environment and Information Sciences
The graduate school has a joint interdisciplinary humanities and sciences perspective centered on environment and information and a holistic understanding of the environment and society. It educates students so that they can use their own specialist knowledge and skills related to artificial environments, natural environments, and information environments to enable them to discover the challenges that must be overcome in order to build a safe, secure, and sustainable society and determine the route to a solution.
- Master's and Doctoral Programs
- ●Department of Artificial Environment (Safety, Environment and System Engineering / Environmental Science / Social Environment)
- ●Department of Natural Environment (Ecology and Bioscience / Earth and Biological Science / Environmental Studies)
- ●Department of Information Environment (Informatics / Mathematical Science / Information Studies)
The graduate school enables students to acquire expertise in analyzing, understanding and offering solutions to various issues including economic stagnation in major cities, social problems such as ageing societies with declining birth rates, global warming and other environmental issues, migration of people and urban activities from smaller cities and their decline, and strain in social and life infrastructure in emerging economies and developing countries.
- Master's Programs
- ●Department of Architecture and Urban Culture (Architecture and Urban Culture / Architecture (Y-GSA) / Culture (Y-GSC))
- ●Department of Infrastructure and Urban Society (Infrastructure and Urban Society / International Infrastructure (IGSI) / Infrastructure Management (IMP))
- Doctoral Program
- ●Department of Urban Innovation
Multidisciplinary Education Programs that merge the humanities and sciences
Various systems have been established at YNU to achieve multidisciplinary learning that merges the humanities and the sciences. For Urban Science A, B, C in the college-wide common courses and Basics of Urban Sciences (compulsory), multiple faculty members in the humanities and sciences hold omnibus-style lessons. Similarly, in the Social Design Future Session in the college-wide common course of the Innovation-related Course (compulsory elective), lectures and practicums are bidirectional between faculty and students. Also, students can take courses provided by other colleges as their specialized courses. For the graduation research project, students can also receive guidance from faculty in more than one field.
Multidisciplinary Education Programs
International Public Policy, a multidisciplinary Education Program at the doctoral level, is a joint program that integrates studies of economics, business administration and law. Tax Law and Accounting, another multidisciplinary Education Program at the doctoral level, is a joint program of business administration and law. These two programs are taught by the members of the YNU faculties, visiting international professors and experts who work for international organizations and other institutions. They provide education in which students are expected to play such an autonomous role as the role of organizing joint seminars with business communities inside and outside Japan, internships and field studies. Highly specialized professionals are developed with the holistic perspective and knowledge of society that are needed for the new era of globalization through integration of the fields of economics, business administration, law and political science and cooperation with business communities.
Global Business and Economics Education Program (GBEEP)
Economics and business administration are studied with one as the major and one as a minor. The program is unique because of the large number of specialized courses taught in English and project-based courses, a compulsory study abroad component, and the need to earn 132 credits by graduation (124 credits for regular Education Programs). The program develops individuals who can work as experts at global companies carrying out activities on an international scale, with expertise in both economics and business administration and practical English communication skills.
TED Program and PED Program
In terms of the credit-earning process, engineering-related specializations generally offer the TED Program and the PED Program as their Education Programs.
The TED Program is generally the traditional engineering Education Program. Students join a laboratory and pursue their studies while carrying out research activities. A Master’s thesis is submitted for the Master’s degree program and a doctoral dissertation is submitted for the doctoral degree program. The PED Program is a special Education Program offered by YNU. The units for coursework are divided into systematic modules comprising problem solving-style education in Studio with small group, high-level, project-based practicums, seminars, and workshops, lecture courses that are closely connected to Studio, and training at an internship. For the Master’s degree, instead of a Master’s thesis, students submit a portfolio of course work and project results for each module, and they submit a doctoral dissertation for their doctoral degree.
PSD Program and Science Program
In terms of the credit-earning process, science-related specializations offer the PSD Program and the Science Program as their Education Programs.
The PSD Program is an Education Program offered by Specialization in Chemistry and Specialization in Physics. In addition to learning in-depth physics, courses for practicing engineering components and presentation, communication, and discussion skills are offered and students are educated as future engineers and researchers. The Science Program is an Education Program provided by Specialization in Mathematical Sciences. Students acquire high-level mathematics knowledge and are fostered to develop a broad perspective in mathematics and related fields. For both programs, a Master’s thesis is submitted for the Master’s degree program and a doctoral dissertation is submitted for the doctoral degree program.
Teaching experience at local schools
From their first year, students engage in educational activities to learn about real world conditions in elementary and secondary schools. This helps first year students to understand the day-to-day experiences of children and students. The process provides a solid foundation for the continuous exploration and examination of educational issues. Practical hands on experience is provided in the fall semester of the first year. This is followed in the second year by practicums that take place at schools in the Yokohama area, and are part of the School Day Experience course as well as other courses. In the third year, teaching practicums take place at elementary, secondary, and special education schools. The final teaching practicum seminar, held in the fall semester of the fourth year, allows for the systematic review of all education course and practicums.
Adoption of a flexible credit-earning system
Students choose the specialist field they want to study and specialized courses for their research plan. In addition, there is a flexible system for students to take specialized courses to match personal objectives, so they are not restricted to one field of specialty and can freely take a variety of courses as needed for their own objectives.
Study basic education at multiple colleges
The College is strengthening its cross-college education and moving towards a more streamlined university education. Each Education Program (EP) provides education focused on basic education suited to the College of Engineering Science.
Valuable experience-based classes
In the compulsory Business Administration Literacy course, students carry out group work and field work in small classes to develop their reading, listening, thinking, and communication skills for learning business administration. Focus is placed on fostering the capacity to analyze the issues in the business world from a holistic rather than localized perspective and to cooperate with others to generate high quality results as a team. In the Business Games course, which is one type of gaming simulation in the field of business administration, a number of students compete by producing, purchasing, and selling products as company managers in a simulated market. Students reap the maximum benefit by furthering understanding of business administration-related fields (e.g., accounting, marketing, production, distribution, and strategy) and increased motivation to learn. In the My Project Launcher course, students create their own project, give a presentation, and develop their project implementation skills.
Interdisciplinarity- and Practicality-oriented EIS Common Courses
The Graduate School offers a set of the common prerequisites called the EIS (Environment and Information Sciences) Literacy Courses that are oriented towards imparting interdisciplinary education and conducting research across the liberal arts and sciences. By participating in these courses, our students are expected to adopt a wide perspective on issues related to the environment, information, and society. The Graduate School also offers another set of common prerequisites that are referred to as the EIS Generic Skills Courses, which are designed to cultivate the general and practical knowledge and skills that highly specialized professionals are desired to possess. By being trained in the latter courses, our students can acquire the ability to communicate effectively with others in our highly globalized society, the ability to implement innovative activities, and the knowledge of professional methods useful for academics.
Seminars are established to enable seminar students to hold professor-moderated discussions through which they actively absorb knowledge of a specialized field selected to match their own interests and awareness of issues, further their understanding, and identify and pursue a graduation thesis topic. At the College of Economics and the College of Business Administration, seminars account for the core of studies. Thorough, small seminars are held from the third year for the College of Economics and from the fall semester of the second year for the College of Business Administration, allowing two and a half years of continued seminars. Through these seminars, students can acquire in-depth specialization and practical skills. (Although seminars are not compulsory, most students take them.)
College-wide common courses that teach basic urban science components, literacy, and skills
To achieve a firm grasp of urban science, there are thorough college-wide common courses that all students in the College of Urban Sciences take in their first and second year. College-wide common courses are composed of related courses in the Basics of Urban Sciences and in the three fields of Global/Local, Risk Symbiosis, and Innovation.
Programs for systematic learning
The College offers basic specialized courses for students to systematically receive specialized education from their first year. From year two, students study a good balance of the basics of economics in core specialized courses and applied specialized courses (beginner level). The intermediate level starts in year three, at which point students choose a major and minor field from among five specialist fields (global economy, modern Japanese economy, finance and trade analysis, economy quantity analysis, and law and economic society). Students thus consider their own individual future and take the initiative for their own studies, acquiring a high level of expertise.
Educational design and educational interns
Educational Design (core course) is a seminar or workshop-based course with instruction based on free cooperation between the professor in charge of each student's core course and other professors. With guidance from the supervising faculty member, students set their own education plan and process such as class, grade, school, and community cooperation to match their own research objectives, methods, and specialist fields. In addition, students decide when to participate in the Educational Intern course to concretely test their abilities according to their own perception of objectives and methods. After that, to test what was learned in core courses in the actual teaching field and use that experience to bring research to the next level, students participate in the Educational Intern course (compulsory) in which they set objectives and issues to find solutions to in the field and endeavor to accomplish them while receiving guidance from their supervisor.
The only graduate school in Japan that trains architects: Y-GSA
Y-GSA, which was established in 2007, is the only graduate school in Japan that trains architects. This school uses a studio type education format and small classes to provide in-depth design education. Students take the Studio course run and supervised by one of six architects four times over two years, at a pace of once every semester, and must pass the course. Studio classes are held twice a week. Through in-depth, practical education and dialogue, students develop practical skills, an awareness of social issues, and a critical eye that can be applied around the world. Of the four studio classes, one can be made into an internship to practice real activities in an architectural design office in Japan or overseas. Upon completion, students present a portfolio based on the original data underlying the results of the four studio classes that is subject to review.
Meikyo Shizen spirit
“Meikyo Shizen” is the educational philosophy of the Yokohama National Professional School of Engineering (the predecessor of the College of Engineering Science) symbolized by its “three no's principle,” which means no tests, no scores, and no rewards or punishments. Excellent education and research values nature. In other words, learning is not forced, allowing students to take the initiative to learn without constraint under an educational principle of spontaneous self-learning, thus developing into an excellent professional. Although the three no's principle has been abandoned, it continues to form the foundation of science and engineering education at YNU as its underlying spirit.
Small class size, bidirectional education
For mathematics and foreign language that are studied from year one, students can choose their class, and basic seminars have small class sizes and are bidirectional. Information processing seminars in which practical seminars are important are also taught in small class format. The seminars from year three (in which students with interest in their supervisor's specialty are given guidance focused on the graduation thesis) comprise an average of seven students per school year.
Guidance system that offers careful academic instructions over thesis and dissertation writing from multiple professors
The curriculum is systematically composed of core and non-core courses and enables each student to develop a firm grasp of basics of his/her special research field through coursework and to develop up-to-date, advanced specialist skills, problem-detecting skills, and problem-solving skills in small-size seminars. One characteristic of dissertation guidance in the doctoral program is that it employs a multiple supervisor system. One main supervisor and two sub supervisors provide intensive group guidance in the process of writing and presenting the two interim reports and of preparing for a preliminary defense prior to the final defense to ensure that the students can earn their degree in time.
Specialist Education Designed to Fit with Different Degree Types
The Graduate School comprises three departments, i.e., the Programs in Artificial Environment, Natural Environment, and Information Environment, and each of them offers three educational programs where students pursue degrees in the three corresponding fields of study. Each educational program offers core lecture courses, advanced lecture and seminar courses, and workshop courses. They are intended to enable our students to acquire the highly specialized knowledge and skills required in their individual fields of study. By combining the specialized education offered by each program and the practical training sessions conducted in the EIS common courses mentioned above, we successfully produce graduates who not only possess the knowledge and skills required for their own field of expertise, but can also approach problems from interdisciplinary and diverse perspectives.
Special lectures held by top-level business professionals or lectures in English
In addition to general programs, special classes are held once a week by executives who teach about corporate management from various angles, including subjects such as “leadership and management theory taught by a manager” and “management learned at a venture company.” After completing these courses, students can participate in a comparatively long-term internship that can be used as credits. Providing specialized lectures in various fields of business administration lets students learn real life management and helps them develop their own career vision.
Off-campus studies and activities in the local community
The off-campus activities and studies system requires students to use the knowledge acquired at the university and apply it within the local community. Students participate in volunteer activities that meet the needs of the local community. These include providing support for classes and extracurricular activities at elementary schools and secondary schools, as well as lectures and exchange activities for children. The activities earn university credits. The program provides students with multiple opportunities to reflect on their studies and research at the university, and to develop the social and educational skills needed for their future.
Practical education that can be applied in real world situations
For the Character Development and Curriculum Education courses, students choose an area of specialization while continuing to learn about various fields and areas. The courses are offered in small class environment which allow student to develop expertise in:
- ●Human Development (Education Research, Psychology, Japanese as a Second Language)
- ●School Subject Education (Japanese as a Native Language, Social Studies, Mathematics, Science, Music, Fine Art, Health and Physical Education, Technology, Home Economics, English)
- ●Special Education (Special Needs Education)
Four categories of courses
Courses are divided into four categories as the horizontal axis: information-related courses, science-related courses, engineering-related courses, and practical (profession) courses. The information-related courses are compulsory for all students to develop professionals who will lead the super smart society and can be active on the global stage. In addition, to develop professionals who can build science-related industries in which people can create high value-added products, engineering students can also take science–rerated courses and science students can also take engineering–related courses. Through studies in practical courses, students can acquire the components needed to be active in society as an engineer or researcher.
Studio courses, Internship courses
In addition to classroom learning such as lectures and seminars, the school also actively uses Studio education in which students move around and complete works of art and surveys together amidst discussions. Students are developed into professionals with practical skills and advanced expertise through Studio education that offers practicums, seminars, and planning and design practice related to a specific field or region or for a clear practical question or topic set during the course. In addition, more practical education is also achieved with the Internship course based on projects and practical experience in cutting-edge workplaces such as regional or private companies.
Advanced specialization and broad basic education
Supervising faculty in the College of Engineering Science implement a system of main and sub supervisors who participate in multiple Education Programs that exceed the boundaries of specializations. This both increases the specialization of Education Programs and enables broad education in science and engineering basics.
This seminar course is intended to connect the basic seminar in the first year to the seminars in the third year and on. Small classes focus on presentation, discussion, and field work. Each student sets their own objectives at the start of the course, and interim evaluation and final evaluation are carried out with the professors (bi-directional study evaluation system). There are also many seminars held in English, such as Economic Theory, Applied Economics, and International Economic Policy.
Fostering practical skills in Yokohama and the Kanagawa region
Students can take the Regional Cooperation and Urban Regeneration A (Yokohama Regional Studies) course held by the College of Urban Sciences and the Regional Cooperation and Urban Regeneration B (Kanagawa Regional Studies) course held by the College of Economics that teach a broad range of topics such as the history, culture, and urban development of Yokohama as a leading international city with various urban challenges and the Kanagawa region. In addition, Yokohama and the Kanagawa region are also actively utilized as the field for seminar courses for each college and graduation research, and students develop their practical skills by combining information and data related to the region with actual field work there.
Accounting computer-aided instruction (CAI)
Accounting-related courses held by the College of Economics (e.g., bookkeeping, cost accounting, and management accounting) implement accounting computer-aided instruction (CAI) as an e-learning system that uses computers. Accounting staff at Yokohama National University began developing the system in 1980s. Since then, it has been put online and the contents have been enhanced. Accounting CAI is coupled with lectures to increase student understanding and is a useful tool for encouraging after hours study by students at home. The bookkeeping CAI, one of the Accounting CAI modules, was highly evaluated for its foresight and educational effectiveness as a pioneering e-learning system in bookkeeping education and won the AY 2015 Japan Boki Association Society Prize.
At the College of Engineering Science, in addition to studies in the Education Program the student is taking (Major Program), students can take an Education Program (College of Engineering Science Minor Educational Program) that covers a range of topics taught in the College to match the central themes of a particular field of specialty in order to foster an enterprising spirit in students who also focus on science and technology topics in a wide range of other fields and develop their capacity to open new horizons of knowledge and discover the embedded challenges. To participate in the Minor Program, students must register by their fourth year. Students participating in a Minor Program take courses specified by the Minor Program (standard of 24 credits) in addition to the courses for their Major Program (124 credits) required for graduation. Those who take the specified courses and meet certain requirements are given a certificate of completion.
Educational Design Forum
Students make posters to present their educational research findings at the Educational Design Forum held every year during the graduate school orientation for the Graduate School of Education Master's Program. Almost 20 students from every field of specialty and course in the Master's Program present posters, and almost 150 researchers, individuals involved in the school, and undergraduate and graduate students join the presenters in lively discussions. This enables students to compare highly specialized research developed in each field of specialty or course with actual practice in the field.
Unique facility: large experimental aquarium
YNU has one of the largest aquariums in a university in Japan. It is 100 m long, 8 m wide, and 3.5 m deep, and has a wave-making apparatus that reproduces ocean waves. This aquarium is used to perform experiments to assess various performance factors related to boats, marine structures, planing boats, and flying boats. A triangular wave simulation experiment conducted in the aquarium has been repeatedly presented on the news on TV and in magazines.
Graduate School-wide common courses that foster integrated, international practical skills
In the Master’s Program, lectures on how to write academic papers in English and on presentation skills, workshops related to East Asia and South-East Asia, lectures, other workshops and Graduate School wide common courses for all majors are offered to foster integrated, international practical skills.
Carefully Guided Academic Assistance under the Multiple Supervisor System
Although students’ thesis projects are primarily conducted under the guidance of their major supervisor, an advisory team comprising the chief supervisor and other professors is formed for each student. Such teams are called the Advisory Groups for the Master’s programs and the Advisory Committees for the Doctoral programs. By effectively utilizing this supervision system, students can receive from multiple academic perspectives the well thought-out supervision that leads them to become full-fledged researchers or high-level specialists.
Projects that let the undergraduate students in the College of Engineering Science participate in cutting-edge research
The Research Opportunities for UndergraduaTEs (ROUTE) project that enables participation in cutting-edge research is run for first to third year students in the College of Engineering Science. Students who participate in ROUTE learn the appeal of research from an early stage and it can lead to them actively participating with even greater interest in lectures that tend to be passive. Also, iROUTE (the “i” means “international”) is for students who participated in ROUTE from early on and produced research results. It consists of programs to develop an international mentality by letting students experience research at their supervisor's collaborative research facility abroad and programs in which professors from influential universities in other countries are invited to YNU for undergraduate students to experience lectures with the same content as that of the influential university and foster an international mentality.
Art and Culture Lab that integrate theory and practice: Y-GSC Studio
At Y-GSC Studio, which is an extension of the art and culture studies department (department related to literature, art, film, and music), students participate in two courses: (1) the Specialization in Architecture and Urban Culture course (field of art and culture) that helps students form their research into a Master's thesis and (2) the Specialization in Culture (Y-GSC) course that has students form a portfolio of their works of art and records of activities at YNU. All faculty members work together to supervise the two courses. Thus, for both courses, students can receive guidance from multiple professors at briefing sessions and feedback sessions for all Y-GSC Studio classes that are held regularly.
Support for career development
The School has its own independent career education, which includes YNU College of Economics educational lectures, special lectures by professionals held in cooperation with the Fukyukai (alumni association), private companies, and government offices, internships, and job recruitment support seminars.
Education in English
In the Specialization in International Infrastructure (IGSI) and Specialization in Innovation doctoral program (doctorate in engineering), students can receive all their education in English. International students who wish to receive research guidance in English and Japanese students who wish to become active on an international scale can participate.
Adoption of the Qualifying Examination (QE) to screen thesis research and basic capability
The Doctoral Dissertation Research Basic Skill Assessment Course is established for each Master’s degree major for which a Qualifying Examination (QE) to screen thesis research and basic skills is implemented. In lieu of the Master’s thesis writing, students can complete their Master’s degree by passing the QE. In this manner, flexible choices for graduation are offered. QE is not applied to the professional degree programs of Law School and ILP (Indonesia Linkage Master’s Program).
Three types of courses
Courses are divided into core courses, major courses, and specialized courses as the vertical axis. Core courses are courses that all Graduate School of Engineering Science students at Yokohama National University should take. Major courses are courses that all students in a particular department comprising multiple specializations should take. Specialized courses are courses that teach the theories of each specialization. For the PED Program, the Studio course is also a specialized course.
The College of Economics holds three types of English forums: the Asia English Dialogue, the Euro-Japan English Dialogue, and the Global Applied Economics Forum. This program is offered for students wishing to gain experience abroad by fully utilizing their English skills to discuss the economy, thereby developing a global perspective. It is usually 10 days to two weeks long. In addition to visits to overseas partner universities and dialogue with local university students, participants also observe local companies and international organizations.